There were almost no amendments to the regulations relating to exemptions between 2018 and 2019.

Exemptions were ultimately granted in 118 cases. That is slightly down on 2018. Applications were turned down in fifteen cases, mainly due to the fact that a number of athletes decided to re-submit their exemption application, resulting in the extension of the 'not granted' status of applications.

Not granted6 (6,4%)8 (7,5%)5 (4,9%)6 (4,6%)12 (8,7%)15 (11,3%)

As in recent years, most exemptions related to the use of methylphenidate (59). In percentage terms, this means that 50% of exemptions were for methylphenidate, a slight increase over 2018.

Other types of medication for which exemptions were often granted were prednisone/prednisolone (11%) and insulin (10.2%).

The applications came from a total of 34 different sports associations.

The Royal Dutch Cycling Union was at the top of the list again with 17 applications granted (14.4%), followed by the Royal Netherlands Swimming Association (11.0%), the Athletics Union, the Royal Dutch Football Association and the Royal Dutch Baseball and Softball Association (5.9%)