In the Netherlands, the disciplinary proceedings relating to possible doping violations are the responsibility of the sports associations. A number of sports associations have their 'own' disciplinary and appeals committees but a large, and increasing, number of associations call in the Institute for Sports Law (ISR), which now makes decisions on behalf of almost 90% of the associations.
The position of Doping Authority Netherlands in disciplinary procedures
The disciplinary and appeals committees arrive at their decisions independently of Doping Authority Netherlands. This does not mean that Doping Authority Netherlands is not closely involved in disciplinary proceedings relating to possible doping violations. The task of Doping Authority Netherlands is to ensure that disciplinary proceedings for doping cases in the Netherlands are conducted correctly in accordance with the World Anti-Doping Code and Dutch doping regulations based on that code. The doping regulations of the sports associations and the ISR describe and determine the various tasks incumbent upon Doping Authority Netherlands in disciplinary procedures. Those tasks involve, on the one hand, supporting and advising the disciplinary bodies in the interpretation and application of the doping regulations and, on the other, correcting decisions that do not comply with those regulations.
The auxiliary role is seen primarily in the contributions made by Doping Authority Netherlands during the disciplinary procedures: Doping Authority Netherlands is cognisant of the case, states written arguments in which all the relevant regulatory factors are discussed and explained, and also speaks at hearings it attends.
The corrective role is seen primarily in the right of appeal that Doping Authority Netherlands has in all doping cases, both with national appeals committees and with the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in Lausanne. Furthermore, Doping Authority Netherlands is competent to file a charge with the disciplinary committee of an association independently without calling in the board of the association. Doping Authority Netherlands did not submit any appeals to the CAS in 2020.
Reporting to WADA and International Sports Federations
Doping Authority Netherlands reports on the disciplinary proceedings in doping cases to WADA, which is also entitled to appeal against decisions in those cases. The reports take the form of sending the written decision to WADA, answering supplementary questions upon request, and producing supplementary documents and translations of relevant parts of a case. Doping Authority Netherlands also reports to international sports federations (IFs). IFs are also entitled to make appeals in Dutch doping proceedings but no international federation appealed against a decision made by a Dutch disciplinary body in 2020.
Reporting on disciplinary decisions
The table below lists all three decisions taken by Dutch disciplinary and appeals committees in doping cases in 2020 (inclusion depends upon the date of the decision), as well as the two cases in which Doping Authority Netherlands proposed a sanction that was accepted by the athlete.
|No.||Sport||Finding/substance||Year of violation||Decision|
|19/4||Cricket||metabolite of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)||2019||Decision by ISR Appeals Committee:|
|19/4||Karate Do||metabolite of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)||2019||Sanction proposed by Doping Authority accepted:|
|20/1||Football||benzoylecgonine||2020||ISR disciplinary committee:|
four-year suspension. Athlete has appealed.
|20/2||Strength sports||Ritalinic acid; 2α-methyl-5α-androstan-3α-ol-17-one; 17β-methyl-5β-androst-1-ene-3α,17α-diol; 17α-methyl-5β-androstane-3α,17β-diol and 17α-methyl-5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol||2020||ISR disciplinary committee:|
|20/3||Strength sports||RAD140||2020||Sanction proposed by Doping Authority accepted:|